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The Good Friday Agreement Bbc

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administrative assistance to the citizens` forum and the definition of guidelines for the selection of representatives of the citizens` forum. As part of the agreement, the British and Irish governments committed to holding referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998. The referendum on Northern Ireland is expected to approve the deal reached at the multi-party talks. The Republic of Ireland`s referendum should approve the Anglo-Irish agreement and facilitate the modification of the Irish constitution in accordance with the agreement. The release of the prisoners continued in 1999. During the Christmas and New Year period, 131 inmates were granted extended home leave. On 16 December, 308 prisoners were released.1 With the release of high-level prisoners, public support for the release of prisoners has declined, according to an opinion poll by the Belfast Telegraph.2 “The Good Friday Agreement – Prisoners”, BBC News, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/prisoner… During negotiations on the UK`s planned withdrawal from the European Union in 2019, the EU presented a position paper on its concerns about Britain`s support for the Good Friday agreement during Brexit. The position paper deals with issues such as the prevention of a hard border, north-south cooperation between the Republic of Northern Ireland, the birthright of all Northern Ireland residents (as stated in the agreement) and the common travel area.

[31] [32] Anyone who was born in Northern Ireland and is therefore entitled to an Irish passport under the Good Friday Agreement may retain European citizenship after Brexit. [33] As part of the EU`s Brexit negotiating guidelines, the UK was asked to convince other EU members that these issues had been addressed in order to enter the second phase of the Brexit negotiations. In order to protect North-South cooperation and avoid controls at the Irish border, the United Kingdom, under the leadership of Prime Minister Theresa May, said it was ready to protect the agreement in all its elements and “in the absence of agreed solutions, the United Kingdom would maintain full alignment with the rules of the single market and customs union which, now or in the future, support North-South cooperation, the island economy and the protection of the 1998 agreement, recognizing that “the restriction is that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed”. [29] [34] [35] [36] This provision was part of an agreement between the United Kingdom and the EU, which was rejected three times by the British Parliament. [37] May`s successor, Prime Minister Boris Johnson, initially cited the “Irish backstop” that was to be withdrawn from the proposed agreement,[38] but finally accepted it after the negotiation of a new agreement between the UK and the EU on 17 October 2019. [39] [40] In September 2020, Northern Ireland Secretary Brandon Lewis has informed the House of Commons that the UK government intends to violate international law in a “specific and limited” manner by introducing a new bill that gives the UK government new national powers to circumvent certain international contractual obligations to the EU, as provided for in the Northern Irish Protocol of the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement. [41] The bill introduced the following day sparked widespread outrage in the United Kingdom and internationally, with the Prime Ministers of Scotland and Wales calling the Conservative government`s proposals to try to take power and cancel decentralisation. [42] [43] Most parties in Northern Ireland expressed concern about the law, although some members of the Democratic Unionist Party, who had always opposed the Good Friday agreement, welcomed the law. [44] Taoiseach MicheĆ©l Martin stated that “confidence” in the British government`s plan had eroded [45] Issues related to sovereignty, civil and cultural rights, the dismantling of weapons, demilitarization, justice and the police, which were at the heart of the agreement, played a role.

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